Guide to the Gods 1.0
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A Gnostic Uthra (angel).
God of the Mandean heresy.
Finnish forest-god, later evil spirit.
Egyptian personification of magic.
Goddess of the underworld of Pulotu.
Ancient Arabian moon god.
One of the Names of the boar of Norse Freyja.
Personification of Himalayas.
Greek god of desire. An attendant either of Aphrodite or of Eros.
Polynesian goddess of darkness and death.
Maori goddess of underworld.
God of hunting of Siberian Tungus.
Iroquois thunder spirit and god of the sky.
Supreme being on New Ireland.
Iroquois thunder god. With his brother, the West Wind, he defeated the Stone Giants who inhabited the land before the Iroquois.
Roman goddess of horses.
Minor Greek god.
Vedic god of creation; Hindu primordial being. He was the primeval seed from which Brahma was born.
One of the Hindu Daityas. He was slain by Vishnu in his man-lion avatara, Narasinha.
Japanese god of the morning sun and guardian of children's health.
Japanese female devils of the land of the dead.
Karelian god of hare-hunters.
Divine craftsman of Phoenicia.
Old Icelandic goddess of earth and fertility.
Burmese demon of ague.
Nordic blind god who accidentally killed Balder with a sprig of mistletoe.
Japanese: one of the triplets born to Kono-Hana-Sakuya-Hime.
Nordic 'silent god' and member of the Aesir. It was Hoenir who was sent as a hostage when the Aesir made peace with the Vanir. A brother of Odin.
1 of 8 Immortals of Chinese Taoism.
Germanic goddess of witches.
Japanese god of fire.
Shinto god of fire.
Hong and Ha
Roman god of military honour. Depicted as a young warrior bearing a lance and a cornucopia.
Triad of Celtic deities, associated with healing and fertility.
Chinese "Count of the River". Also known as Ping-i.
Lapp thunder-god, equivalent to the Norse god Thor.
The Seasons. Greek goddesses associated with the three Greek seasons: spring, summer and winter. Daughters of Zeus and Themis. Their names were Eunomia (good order), Dike (justice), and Eirene (peace). The Athenians recognized only two Horai: Thallo, associated with the blossoms of spring, and Karpo, associated with the ripened fruit of summer or autumn. The Horai were honoured in the annual festival known as the Horaia. The Horai eventually developed into the four modern seasons.
Egyptian variant of Horus.
(Egyptian Har or Hor)
Egyptian sky god. Usually depicted as a falcon or in human form with the head of a falcon. The sun and the moon are said to be his eyes. Son of Isis and the dead Osiris. He was born at Khemmis in the Nile Delta, and Isis hid him in the papyrus marshes to protect him against Seth, his father's murderer.
Horus later avenged the death of his father against Seth. Horus lost his left eye (the moon) in the contest between the two. Horus was identified with Lower Egypt and Seth with Upper Egypt in this battle, which lasted eighty years. The gods judged Horus to be the winner, and Seth was either killed or castrated. The consequence of Horus's victory was the union of Upper and Lower Egypt. The Egyptian pharaoh was believed to be an incarnation of Horus, and the name of Horus formed part of his name. The pharaoh was said to become Horus after death. Seth restored the eye he had torn from Horus, but Horus gave it instead to Osiris. The image of the "eye of Horus", a human eye combined with the cheek markings of a falcon, became a powerful amulet among the Egyptians.
Among the various manifestations of Horus are:
Harpokrates (Heru-Pa-Khret, Harpakhrad): "Horus the child". This refers to his birth and secret rearing by Isis. In this form he is often depicted as a naked child seated on Isis's lap.
Haroeris (Har Wer): "Horus the elder". In this form Horus battled against Seth.
Harakhte (Harakhti, Heraktes): "Horus of the horizon". Horus at Heliopolis, linked with Ra in the sun cult. In this form he is associated with the rising sun.
Harendotes (Har-nedj-itef, Har-End-Yotef): "Horus the saviour of his father" A reference to the avenging of his father's murder.
Harmachis (Heru-Em-Akhet, Harmakis): "Horus in the horizon". Horus as symbol of resurrection, linked with the setting sun.
Harsiesis (Harsiese, Har-si-Ese, Hor-Sa-Iset): "Horus, son of Isis".
Harsomtus (Har-mau): "Horus the uniter" This is a reference to his role in uniting Upper and Lower Egypt.
Hor Behdetite (Behedti): "Horus of Behdet". Originally a local form of Horus as Behdet in the Delta region. In this form he was symbolized by the winged solar disk.
Etruscan goddess of agriculture.
Japanese: son of Kono-Hana-Sakuya-Hime.
Japanese god of laughter. Depicted as fat and carrying a linen bag (ho-tei) on his back. One of the Seven Gods of Luck (Shichi Fukujin).
Chinese "Lord of Millet Grains"; ancient harvest god. A royal figure of the Chou dynasty later raised to the status of a god for his role in introducing agriculture to humanity.
Chinese Lord Archer.
Chinese Spirit of the Earth.
Norse giantess of the sea who wrecked ships.
Nordic race of ice giants.
Chinese Taoist 'immortals'.
Chinese solar deity, gave birth to sun.
Hsi Wang Mu
Chinese "Queen Mother of the West". A demon in early Chinese belief, she became a beautiful goddess in Taoist belief who guarded the herb of immortality.
Chinese Supreme Lord of the Dark Heaven, Regent of Water.
Primeval Egyptian god personifying authority. He was born from a drop of blood from the penis of Re. When the pharaoh became a lone star, his companion was Hu.
Inca tribal gods.
Taoist flower goddess.
Araucanian (Chile) god of fog.
Mythical Chinese emperor and culture-hero.
Chinese god of sacred mountain Tai Shun.
Aymayra spirit of the pampas.
Pre-Islamic god of central Arabia.
Elamite god of creation.
Babylonian primordial mother goddess. She was the mother of the brood of monsters who aided Tiamat in her battle against Marduk.
"The Old God". Alternative name of the Aztec fire god Xiuhtecuhtli (qv).
Huh and Hauhet
Supreme Inca god.
Aztec sun and war god, represented as a humming bird. He was the chief god of the great Aztec city Tenochtitlan. Son of Coatlicue.
Aztec goddess of salt. Generally considered to have been the elder sister of Tlaloc.
Nature god of either Elam or Syria.
Creator deity, head of the Mayan pantheon.
Creator god of the Quiche Maya creation epic Popol Vu. Brother of Xbalanque (Ixbalanque). On a visit to Xibalba, the Mayan underworld, he killed the two co-regents of Xibalba, Huncame and Vukubcame before being beheaded by Camazotz.
Quiche Maya co-ruler of Xibalba, the Mayan underworld. In the Popol Vuh creation myth he murdered Hun-Hunapu and Vukub-Hunapu. Subsequently he and his co-regent Vukubcame were destroyed by Hunapu and Xbalanque.
Maya god of death. Generally identified as God A.
In the Quiche Maya Popol Vuh creation myth, Hun-Hunapu was the divine twin of Vukub-Hunapu. They were the sons of Xpiyacoc and Xmucane. The two were murdered in a ball game by the two rulers of Xibalba, the Mayan underworld. They were avenged by Hun-Hunapu's children Hunapu and Xbalanque.
Xhosa tree spirit.
Quiche Maya creator god, and god of wind and thunder. When the gods became angry with the first human beings, Hurukan unleashed the deluge to destroy them.
Two creator goddesses of the Hopi Indians.
Chinese god of hail.
Creator god of the Basuto people of Lesotho.
Chaldean sun god.
Commonly known as a hero from Greek myth, but generally believed to have originated as an ancient pre-Hellenic god, probably of vegetation. In the Greek legend, Hyakinthos was loved by Apollo, who accidentally killed him with a discus. This would suggest that Hyakinthos was originally a dying god like Adonis or the Mesopotamian Dumuzi whose death and resurrection symbolized the natural cycle of cereal vegetation. At Amyklai in Sparta Hyakinthos was regarded as a deified hero well into the Hellenic period. There he was worshipped in an annual festival, the Hyakinthia, where the worshippers passed from mourning for Hyakinthos to celebration for Apollo -- certainly suggestive of a rite associated with cereal vegetation where the dead plant gives new life through its seed.
Greek: 5 sisters of the Pleiades.
Greek goddess of health. Daughter of Asklepios, the god of healing. Some later writers made her the consort of Asklepios. Her sacred animal was the snake, depicted drinking from a saucer or other drinking vessel held in her hand. Her worship spread to Rome in 293 BC, where she came to be identified with Salus.
Greek god of marriage. He was traditionally said to be the son of Apollo and a Muse, while later writers made him the son of Dionysus and Aphrodite. He was invoked at weddings in the marriage song. He was depicted as a winged youth bearing a wedding torch and a garland.
Greek god of light. One of the Titans, son of Ouranos (heaven) and Gaia (earth). Consort of Theia. Father of Helios (sun) and Selene (moon). Hyperion may have been little more than a personification of the sun or an epithet of Helios.
Greek god of sleep. Son of Erebos and Nyx (night). Brother of Thanatos (death).