Guide to the Gods 1.0
Me... to Mm...
Celtic goddess of war.
Likely version of ancient Thracian goddess.
Lithuanian goddess of the woods.
Roman goddess of healing. Her festival was the Meditrinalia held on October 11.
Old Ethiopic earth spirit.
Roman goddess of sulphur springs.
Egyptian serpent god. Mehen defended the solar barque of Re during its night passage through the underworld. He was depicted as a snake coiled about the solar barque.
"Great Flood". Egyptian sky goddess in the form of a cow. She was early regarded as the waterway of the heavens upon which the solar barque of Re travelled. Later she came to be equated with the primeval waters from which Re emerged, in consequence of which she earned the epithet 'mother of Re'. She was depicted as a cow with the sun disk between its horns lying on a mat of reeds.
See Make Make.
Boeotian Muse of practice. The other Boeotian Muses were Aoide (Aeode) and Mneme.
Greek Palaemon (qv); adopted from the Phoenician Melkart.
Babylonian mother of the Monsters of the Night who fought under Tiamat against Marduk.
Roman goddess of bees.
Greek Muse of tragedy. Daughter of Zeus and Mnemosyne. Her attributes include the tragic mask and the cothurnus (pl. cothurni), the boots traditionally worn by tragic actors.
"God of the City". Chief god of Tyre and of Carthage; the Phoenician equivalent of the Greek hero-god Hercules.
Phrygian equestrian moon god.
Roman goddess of menstruation.
Old Latvian moon-god.
Chinese goddess of underworld, prepared the broth of oblivion.
Chinese god of the writing brush.
Etruscan goddess, equivalent to the Greek Athena, and predecessor of the Roman Minerva. She was part of the Etruscan triad with Tinia and Uni.
Chinese gods of the door.
Medieval name for the devil.
Roman messenger god and god of merchants and travellers. Equated with the Greek Hermes. Son of Jupiter and Maia. He had a temple on the Aventine Hill in Rome, said to date from 495 BC, as well as a shrine in the Circus Maximus. His festival was the Mercuralia, observed on May 15. Mercury is depicted as holding a purse, symbolic of his association with commerce, as well as the winged sandals (talaria), winged cap (petasus) and staff (caduceus) taken over from the Greek Hermes. According to Juvenal, posts topped by marble heads of Mercury were placed at the intersections of Roman roads.
Egyptian goddess of song and rejoicing.
"She who loves silence". Egyptian cobra goddess and protective deity of the Theban necropolis. She was believed to live on a mountain overlooking the Valley of the Kings. Worshipped by the workers at the necropolis, she was believed to poison or blind anyone who commited a crime. Presumably, this belief was intended to reinforce the taboo against desecrating or robbing the tombs. She was depicted either as a coiled cobra or as a cobra with the head of a woman and a single human arm. Her cult died out when the Theban necropolis was abandoned during Dynasty XXI (ca. 1000 BC).
Meri and Ari
Sun and moon of Tupinamba of Brazil.
In Greek mythology, the Delphic Muse associated with the middle string of the lyre. The other Delphic Muses were Hypate and Nete.
Melanesian god of archery.
(Meskhent, Meshkent, Mesenet)
Egyptian goddess of childbirth.
Sumerian underworld god.
Minor Roman god of agriculture.
Egyptian protector of the liver of mummified dead.
Benevolent demon in the Kabbala.
Greek goddess of wisdom. Daughter of Okeanos and Tethys. The first wife of Zeus whom he swallowed when he discovered that she was pregnant, fearing that she might give birth to a son mightier than he. Subsequently, Athena sprang fully armed from the head of Zeus. Metis is thus given as the mother of Athena, although some sources consider that, given the circumstances, she was the daughter of Zeus alone.
Aztec moon god.
Araucanian (Chile) god of whirlwinds and typhoons.
Latvian nature deity.
Mexican moon god.
"Great hare". Algonquin founder of the human race.
Niquiran (Nicaragua) goddess of the Underworld.
Goddess of the Aztec underworld of Mictlan. Wife of Mictlantecuhtli.
Aztec god of the underworld (Aztec Mictlan). Husband of Mictlancihuatl.
Irish chieftain god of the Underworld. Son of Dagda, husband of Etain.
Chinese: the broth of oblivion prepared by underworld deity, Lady Meng.
Phoenician god of Cyprus.
Chief god of Ammonites.
Chinese name of the Bodhisattva Maitreya.
Australian spirits who eat men.
Nordic giant who guarded the well of wisdom under the world tree Yggdrasill.
(Minu, Egyptian Menu)
Egyptian fertility god. Sometimes given as either the son or consort of Isis. He was depicted in human form with an erect penis. He generally held a flail in his raised right hand and wore a crown surmounted by two tall plumes. Min was preeminently a god of male sexuality, and in the New Kingdom (1567-1085 BC) he was honoured in the coronation rites of the pharaohs to ensure their sexual vigour and the production of a male heir. The "White Bull" appears to have been sacred to him, as was a type of lettuce which bore a resemblance to an erect penis and had a white sap that resembled semen. His most important sanctuaries were at Koptos (Qift) and Akhmim (Panoplis). Min was also worshipped as a god of desert roads and of travellers. In addition to his role in coronation rites, Min was honoured in harvest festivals during which offerings of lettuce and sheaves of wheat.
Roman goddess of war, and secondarily a goddess of wisdom and the arts and trades. As Minerva Medica she was regarded as a patroness of physicians. Equated with the Greek Athena, though she may derive originally from the Etruscan Menrva. Daughter of Jupiter. Her main festivals were the Minervalia and Quinquatria (March 19- 23). She shared the main temple on the Capitoline Hill as part of a triad with Jupiter and Juno, and also had a temple on the Aventine Hill in her capacity as Minerva Medica.
Gallic goddess of handicrafts and arts.
One of the three Greek judges of the underworld, along with Rhadamanthys and Sarpedon. He was originally a king of Crete. His cult involved the worship of bulls or of Minos in the form of a bull.
Japanese name for Buddha Maitreya.
Georgian lord of light.
Mangaia (Polynesian) god of the underworld.
Niquiran (Nicaragua) god of merchants.
Phoenician god credited with discovery of salt.
Iranian god of light, and of contracts and friendship. He was given the status of an Amesha in early Iranian religion, but in Zoroastrian religion he was reduced to the status of a Yazata who assisted in the saving of souls. Eventually the religion of Mithraism emerged around Mithra himself. Mithraism was an ascetic religion which enjoyed considerable popularity among the soldiers of the Roman Empire. Mithra was usually depicted in the act of sacrificing a bull, an act which became a central rite of Mithraism.
Greco-Roman name of Mithra. Mithras became popular as a god of soldiers in the Roman Empire beginning in the first and second centuries AD. He was regarded as a god of loyalty and truth, and of the struggle aginst evil. The cult of Mithraism excluded women, and its rites were conducted in underground temples known as mithraea (sing. mithraeum). The central rite involved the ritual slaughter of a bull, symbolizing the regeneration of life and the world.
Vedic solar deity, and god of friendship and contracts.
Aztec god of hunting, later a stellar god. He was the son of Cihuacoatl, and the father of Quetzalcoatl by Xochiquetzal, and of Huitzilopochtli by Coatlicue.