Guide to the Gods 1.0
Sa... to Sh...
Egyptian personification of intelligence.
Gnostic Archon, ruler of the 5th sphere.
A Phrygian or Thracian god identified with Dionysos. Perhaps only an epithet of Dionysos. His worship was associated with that of Kybele and Attis, and his cult entered Greece proper in the 5th century BC.
Celtic river goddess of the Severn.
Old Testament epithet of Jahwe.
Minor Hindu gods who guard the rites and prayers of greater gods.
Syrian god of healing.
Japanese collective name for guardian gods of the roads.
Ossetian god of weapons.
God of smallpox in Benin (Dahomey).
North and south Semitic moon god.
An evil spirit in the belief of the Tuleyone people of California. He set the world on fire, but Coyote (Olle) extinguished the flames by sending a great flood that submerged all the world save one mountain top where the survivors sought refuge.
Egyptian personification of destiny.
Arabic form of Satan.
God of the Kalas of the Hindu-Kush.
God of medicine, justice and retribution of the Agni people of Guinea.
"The Powerful One". Egyptian lioness goddess. Daughter of the sun god Re. At Memphis she formed part of the Memphite triad together with Ptah as her consort and Nefertum (otherwise the son of Bastet) as her son. Depicted as a lioness or in human form with the head of a lioness. She was generally shown crowned by the solar disk, holding the ankh ("life") symbol or a scepter in the shape of a papyrus reed. At Thebes Sakhmet came to be syncretized with Mut, the consort of the Theban sun god Amun. She had a warlike aspect, and was said to breath fire at the enemies of the pharaoh. Like the goddess Hathor, Sakhmet could become the 'eye of Re', an agent of the sun god's punishment. She was believed to be the bearer of plague and pestilence, but in a more benign aspect she was called upon in spells and amulets to ward off disease.
Dahomey god of smallpox.
Jain divine prince.
Hindu personification of female creative energy.
Japanese name for Buddha.
Roman goddess of springs. Consort of Neptune.
Ugaritic god personifying Venus as the evening star. He was the son of El.
Pre-Islamic god of north Arabia.
"Salvation". Roman goddess of public safety and welfare who later became a goddess of health equated with the Greek Hygieia. She had a temple on the Quirinal, one of the seven hills of Rome, dating to 302 BC. Her festival was on March 30. An annual sacrifice was also held at her temple on August 5.
Angel in apocalyptic writing.
One of the great Bodhisattvas.
Semitic word for the sun, became the name of the Babylonian sun-god, Shamash.
One of the Asuras af Vedic myth who were vanquished by Indra.
Finnish goddess of vegetation.
Pre-Islamic sun goddess of southern Arabia. Sams was considered to be a male deity in northern Arabia.
Tantric god of initiation.
Three great gods of Chinese Taoism.
Luvian god of Asia Minor.
Phrygian river god.
Yoruba god of thunder.
Celtic river deity.
The third and final saviour in Zoroastrianism.
Western Semitic sun god.
Ugaritic goddess of the sun.
Form of the Buddhist god Heruka.
Sar and Salim
Syrian deities of morning and evening.
Mesopotamian god of town of Umma.
Hindu dog of Indra
Hindu goddess. The wife of Surya or Vivasvat, and the mother of Yama and Yami, as well as of the Asvins.
Syncretic god of Ptolemaic Egypt and later a deity worshipped throughout the Roman Empire. Sarapis was the Greek form of Osiris- Apis, a deity who combined the attributes of the bull god Apis and the underworld god Osiris. To this the Hellenistic rulers of Egypt added characteristics taken from Greek deities such as Zeus, Dionysos, Hades, Helios and Asklepios to create a universal god. Depicted in human form with curly hair and crowned with a basket- shaped headdress known as a kalathos. His cult was taken over by Ptolemy I Soter, who elevated Sarapis to the status of a national god. His major cult center was Alexandria, home of the famous temple known as the Sarapeum.
Originallly an Indian river goddess, later a goddess of speech, eloquence and wisdom. In the Vedas, she is the consort of Brahma.
Wife of the Babylonian god Marduk.
Ashanti forest demon.
Jain 'gods and goddesses of the teaching'.
Mesopotamian divine judge and doctor.
Egyptian goddess of first cataract of Nile.
Hindu goddess. She was the daughter of Daksha and the wife of Shiva. When Shiva mistreated her father, she threw herself onto the sacrificial fire and burned to death.
(Greek form, also Sati; Egyptian Satjit or Satet)
Egyptian goddess whose primary role was that of a guardian of Egypt's southern (Nubian) frontier, killing enemies of the pharaoh with her arrows. As 'Queen of Elephantine" she figures as the consort of Khnum and the mother of Anuket, the three sometimes being referred to as the 'Elephantine triad'. Depicted in human form wearing the tall conical white crown of Upper Egypt bounded on either side by plumes or antelope horns, holding a scepter and the ankh ("life") symbol. She had a major sanctuary on the island of Sahel near Elephantine (near modern Aswan). Satis was also associated with the annual inundation of the Nile.
Roman god of agriculture concerned with the sowing of seed. Equated with the Greek god Kronos. His consort was either Lua or Ops. He was the father of Jupiter. His temple was constructed in the Roman Forum as early as the fifth century BC. It served as the Roman treasury (aerarium). His festival was the Saturnalia, observed on December 17 but later extended to seven days. It was the most popular Roman festival, characterized by a suspension of all business, a reversal of the roles of master and slave, the exchange of gifts (including candles to symbolize the winter darkness), and a loosening of moral restrictions. Our Saturday was named after Saturn.
God of Roman North Africa.
Greek woodland gods or spirits. They had a human upper body and the lower body of a goat. They were generally depicted as having dishevelled hair with goat horns and ears, and with an erect penis (ithyphallic). In early Greek art they were portrayed as grotesque in appearance, but Praxiteles began a later tradition in which they were shown as being handsome. The Satyrs were closely associated with Dionysos, and were related to the Silenes (qv).
Latvian 'daughters of the sun'.
Vedic sun god.
Hindu king of heaven and god of active power. One of the twelve Adityas.
"Sword Bearer". Tribal god of the East Saxons. Equivalent to the old Teutonic god Tiwaz.
"Shadowy One". Irish goddess who taught warriors the art of war.
Norse child-god who founded a kingdom in Denmark.
Roman goddess, a personification of security. She was later invoked to ensure the continuing stability of the Roman Empire.
Egyptian 'saviour' god.
Old Testament demons.
Eskimo goddess of the sea and its creatures.
Babylonian kind and helpful demon.
Continental Celtic war god.
Stones worshipped as gods by Lapps.
Old Testament goat demons.
(Sokar, Sokaris, Greek Socharis)
Egyptian god of the Memphis necropolis, funerary god. Depicted in human form with a hawk's head.
Egyptian goddess of war and battle. Depicted in human form with the head of a lioness. She was the consort of Ptah and the mother of Nefertum and Imhotep.
Greek goddess of the moon. Daughter of the Titans Hyperion and Theia. Sister of Helios (sun) and Eos (dawn). Mother of Pandia by Zeus, and of fifty daughters by Endymion. She rode across the sky in a chariot drawn by two white horses. Also a tutelary deity of magicians. Selene was sometimes identified with Artemis as a moon goddess. She became syncretized with Hekate in later Greek mythology. The Romans equated her with Luna.
Etruscan god similar to Silvanus.
Minor Greek goddess. She may have originated as a Phrygian or Thracian earth goddess. Daughter of Cadmus (Kadmos) and Harmonia. According to some traditions, she was the mother of Dionysos by Zeus. The story goes that the jealous Hera tricked her into asking Zeus to prove his divinity to her. When Zeus revealed himself to her in his divine form, Semele, then a mortal, was burned to death by the intensity of his appearance. Zeus later deified her and she took her place among the gods under the name of Thyone.
Hispanic war god.
Japanese goddess of the holy mountain Fujiyama. Also known as Ko- No-Hana-Saku-a-Hime: "the Princess who makes the flowers of the trees blossom".
Iranian winged monster.
The immortals in Japanese myth.
Egyptian cow goddess.
Bella Coola sun-god.
Egyptian chthonic god.
Egyptian war god.
Celtic river goddess of the Seine.
Old Testament spirits.
Seri and Hurri
Anatolian divine bulls.
(Selket, Selkis, Selchis, Selquet; Egyptian Serket hetyt)
"She who causes the throat to breath". Egyptian scorpion goddess. Depicted in human form with a scorpion-shaped headdress, or with a scorpion body and a human head. She was early a tutelary deity of the Egyptian monarchs. Serket was associated with mortuary rites who helped guard the canopic jars in which the viscera of the dead were placed. From this association she came to be a tutelary goddess of the dead. She was called upon in Egyptian magic to avert venemous bites and stings.
Hindu thousand-headed snake god of the Vedas. He was said to have been born from the mouth of Balarama just before his death. Sesha was chief of the Nagas, a clan of snake worshippers.
Egyptian goddess of writing. Also associated with libraries, letters, archives and historical records. Depicted in human form with a star or rosette above her head, wearing a leopard-skin robe, holding a scepter made of a notched palm branch on which she recorded the jubilee years. Seshat assisted the pharaoh mark out the boundaries of a temple in a ritual known as 'stretching the cord'.
Egyptian god of oil and wine pressing.
(Set, Setekh, Setesh, Seti, Sutekh, Setech, Sutech)
Egyptian god of chaos who embodied the principle of hostility if not of outright evil. He was associated with foreign lands and was the adversary of the god Osiris. Seth was usually depicted in human form with a head of indeterminate origin, though said to resemble that of an aardvark. He had a curved snout, erect square- tipped ears and a long forked tail. Sometimes he was represented in entirely animal form with a body similar to that of a greyhound. He was said to be the son either of Nut and Geb or of Nut and Ra, and the brother of Isis, Osiris and Nephthys. Nephthys was sometimes given as his consort, although he is more commonly associated with the foreign, Semitic goddesses Astarte and Anat. Despite his reputation, he had an important sanctuary at Ombos in Upper Egypt, his reputed birthplace, and had his cult was also prominent in the north-eastern region of the Nile delta.
For a time during the third millenium BC, Seth replaced Horus as the tutelary deity of the pharaohs. However, the story of Seth's murder of Osiris and subsequent war with Horus gained currency and Horus was restored to his original status. The war with Horus lasted eighty years, during which Seth tore out the left eye his adversary and Horus tore out Seth's foreleg and testicles. Horus eventually emerged victorious, or was deemed the victor by a council of the gods, and thus became the rightful ruler of the kingdoms of both Upper and Lower Egypt. Seth was forced to return the eye of Horus and was himself either castrated or, in some versions, killed. In some versions Seth then went to live with the sun god Re, where he became the voice of the thunder. In the Book of the Dead Seth was referred to as the "lord of the northern sky" and held responsible for storms and cloudy weather. Seth protected Re during his night voyage through the underworld against the Apophis-snake. On the other hand, Seth was a peril for ordinary Egyptians in the underworld, where he was said seize the souls of the unwary. Among the animals sacred to Seth were the desert oryx, crocodile, boar, and the hippopotamus in its aspect as a destroyer of boats and of planted fields. The pig was a taboo in Seth's cult. The Greeks later equated Seth with their demon-god Typhon.
Etruscan god of fire and blacksmiths. Equivalent to the Greek Hephaistos and the Roman Vulcan.
One of the chief gods of the Tamils of southern India.
Sumerian double-faced god, vizier of Enki.
"Protector of the People". Nabataean deity.
Egyptian goddess of destiny.
Buddhist king of the gods.
Sun god of the Pawnees.
Babylonian and Assyrian sun god, god of divination.
South Arabian sun goddess.
Supreme god and ancestral god of ancient China.
Thunder god of the Yoruba of West Africa.
See Shang Di.
Irish river deity.
Chinese earth god.
Celtic female demon.
Chinese Taoist 'holy beings'.
Tibetan Bon deity.
Chinese culture-hero. Reputedly an early emperor who taught people the art of agriculture, and was later elevated to the status of a god.
Founder of the Bon religion.
Chinese guardian god.
Chinese sun god. The divine archer. He represents the male principle of Yang. His wife Heng-o, the moon goddess, represents the female principle of Yin.
Hindu king of Nagas, a serpent race.
Chinese 'supreme ruler'.
Japanese seven gods of luck. They include: Benten, Bishamon, Daikoku, Ebisu, Fukurokuju, Hotei, and Jurojin.
Chinese 10 rulers of otherworld.
Japanese female devils.
Hurrian and Mitanni sun god.
Japanese god of the wind.
Evil cousin of Krishna.
Japanese daughter of O-Kuni-Nushi, married Ame-No-Wakahiko.
The four Japanese gods who guard the four cardinal directions. Bishamon (or Tamon) guards the north, Komoku the west, Zocho the south, and Jikoku the east.
Hindu god of the cosmic dance; member of the supreme Hindu triad, with Brahma and Vishnu.
Pueblo rain spirits.
Urartu sun goddess.
Japanese: chief enemy of the oni or devils, equivalent to the Chinese Chung K'uei.
Another name for Sakpata.
A Celtic sea deity recognized in Britain.
Abkhaz god of blacksmiths and metal-workers.
Chinese god of longevity.
(Shou Xing Lao Tou-zi)
Chinese god of long life.
Chinese servant god of Kuan-Ti.
Hindu name of Lakshmi.
(Su; Greek Sos)
Primordial Egyptian god of the air and supporter of the sky. In the Heliopolitan creation myth, Shu was, with his sister Tefnut, one of the first deities created by the sun god Atum, either from his semen or from the mucus of his nostrils. Tefnut then became his consort, giving birth to the sky goddess Nut and the earth god Geb. Shu separated Geb and Nut (heaven and earth) by interposing himself between them. Depicted in human form wearing an ostrich feather (the hieroglyph for his name), with his arms raised to support the goddess Nut above the supine form of Geb.
Chinese Taoist deity who defended men from evil.
Illyrian god of thunderstorms.